carcass weight of black wildebeest

In favourable conditions, this distance is as little as 9 m (30 ft), but can be as large as 1,600 m (5,200 ft) in poor habitat. [14] They become fully developed in females in the third year, while horns are fully grown in males at age of four or five. Males are slightly larger and darker in coloration than females and can weigh upwards 600 pounds and stand 4-5 feet tall. The number of females per herd is variable, generally ranging from 14 to 32,[14] but is highest in the densest populations[2] and also increases with forage density. It is a member of the genus Connochaetes and family Bovidae. [2][15] Apart from the difference in the appearance of the tail, the two species of wildebeest also differ in size and colour, with the black being smaller and darker than the blue. [17], Male black wildebeest reach sexual maturity at the age of three years, but may mature at a younger age in captivity. The black wildebeest is typically between 170–220 cm (67–87 in) in head-and-body length, and the average weight is 110–180 kg (240–400 lb). [1] The herds are often migratory or nomadic, otherwise they may have regular home ranges of 1 km2 (11,000,000 sq ft). Female. Sexual behaviour by the male at this time includes stretching low, ears down, sniffing of the female's vulva, performing ritual urination, and touching his chin to the female's rump. [2] Now, almost all black wildebeest are in reserves or on farms, and the extent of their movements is limited. [9], Features necessary for defending a territory, such as the horns and broad-based skull of the modern black wildebeest, have been found in their fossil ancestors. [4] The specific name gnou originates from the Khoikhoi name for these animals, gnou. [21] Ataxia related to myelopathy and low copper concentrations in the liver have also been seen in the black wildebeest. During cool weather, they lay down to rest, but in hotter conditions they rested while standing up. Males of this species are usually taller than females with the average shoulder height of males being 111-121 cm (44-48 inches) whereas for the females it is 106-116 cm (42-46 inches). Estes coined the term "challenge ritual" to describe this behaviour for the blue wildebeest, but this is also applicable to the black wildebeest, owing to their close similarity in behavior. At the same time, the female keeps her tail upwards (sometimes vertically) or swishes it across the face of the male. Male black wildebeest had a heavier live weight (141.4 ± 5.92kg), and heavier warm and cold carcass weight (89.8 ± 1.91 kg and 85.8 ± 1.99 kg), when compared to the live weight (117.4 ± 4.23kg) and warm and cold carcass weight (71.0 ± 2.67kg and 68.6 ± 2.79 kg) recorded for female animals. Live Weight: 200kg Carcass Weight: 95-100kg Bone: 20-25kg Usable Meat: 80kg: Bush Pig: Male. Louw C. Hoffman, Sunet van Schalkwyk, Nina Muller, Effect of Season and Gender on the Physical and Chemical Composition of Black Wildebeest ( Connochaetus gnou ) Meat , South African Journal of Wildlife Research, 10.3957/056.039.0208, 39, 2, (170-174), (2009). In some animals, the auditory bullae are highly deformed, and in others, the radius and ulna are fused. [1], More than 18,000 individuals are now believed to remain, 7,000 of which are in Namibia, outside their natural range, and where they are farmed. 21:31. The resulting offspring is usually fertile. [15] A small number of individuals was still present in game reserves and at zoos, and from these, the population was rescued. The average carcass weight of males (79.3 kg) was significantly higher than that of females (56.0 kg); however, there was no difference in dressing percentages. 2 / 6 INTERESTING HUNTING NOTES: Also known as the White Tailed Gnu or to some as the "Clowns of Africa", this is mostly due to the way in which they tend to run in circles when … [31] In most reserves, the black wildebeest shares its habitat with the blesbok and the springbok. [2] The scent glands secrete a glutinous substance in front of the eyes, under the hair tufts, and on the forefeet. The natural populations of black wildebeest, endemic in the southern part of Africa, were almost completely exterminated in the 19th century, due to their reputation as pests and the value of their hides and meat. The scientific name of the black wildebeest is Connochaetes gnou. The species has also been introduced outside its natural range in Namibia and Kenya. There are 2 species of wildebeest which are the Black Wildebeest (Connochaetes gnou) and the Blue Wildebeest (Connochaetes taurinus), both are native to Africa. Threat displays such as shaking the head may also take place. The Wildebeest (genus Connochaetes), also called a Gnu, is an ungulate mammal found in Southern Kenya, South Angola to north south Africa. Then they returned to the highvelds in the spring and moved towards the west, where sweet potato and Karoo vegetation were abundant. The animal is placed in the genus Connochaetes and family Bovida] and was first described by the German zoologist Eberhard August Wilhelm von Zimmermann in 1780. [35] The wildebeest can provide 10 times as much meat as Thomson's gazelle. [23], Black wildebeest act as hosts to a number of external and internal parasites. Our black wildebeest hunting opportunities are mainly in the Free State but because black wildebeest hunting can be done in many of our Provinces we are not limited to only hunting black wildebeest in one Province. The first instar larvae of G. hässleri were found in large numbers on the dura mater of wildebeest calves, specially between June and August, and these later migrated to the nasal passages. The three distinct social groups are the female herds, the bachelor herds, and the territorial bulls. [1], In a study of the feeding activities of a number of female black wildebeest living in a shadeless habitat, they fed mostly at night. Hunting black wildebeest in open terrain calls for a minimum of .270 caliber with a good 150-grain bullet. A distinguishing feature in both sexes is the tail, which is long and similar to that of a horse. A better choice would be a .300 magnum or 7mm mag with premium heavy-for-caliber bullets. Females first come into estrus and breed as yearlings or as 2-year-olds. The Wildebeest (genus Connochaetes), also called a Gnu, is an ungulate mammal found in Southern Kenya, South Angola to north south Africa. [20] Individuals may live for about 20 years. [2] These herds have a social hierarchy,[2] and the females are rather aggressive towards others trying to join the group. The highest of all the African game. [14], The black wildebeest is native to southern Africa. - This Black Wildebeest exceeds the * … [2] The bulls approach each other with their heads lowered, resembling a grazing position (sometimes actually grazing). In spite of regional variations, around 80% of the females give birth to their calves within a period of 2-3 weeks after the onset of the rainy season - from mid-November to the end of December. The hide makes good-quality leather and the flesh is coarse, dry and rather hard. [11] The differences in social behaviour and habitats have historically prevented interspecific hybridisation between the species, but hybridisation may occur when they are both confined within the same area. Black Wildebeest has been almost totally eradicated throughout Africa, as it was perceived as a pest. During the breeding season, the male loses condition as he spends little time grazing. [2], The black wildebeest is a gregarious animal with a complex social structure comprising three distinct groups, the female herds consisting of adult females and their young, the bachelor herds consisting only of yearlings and older males, and territorial bulls. [18] The erythrocyte count is high at birth and increases till the age of 2-3 months, while in contrast, the leucocyte count is low at birth and falls throughout the animal's life. While some male yearlings stay within the female herd, the others join a bachelor herd. Live Weight: 250kg Carcass Weight: 120-130kg Bone: 27-30kg Usable Meat: 100kg. Both of which are native to Africa. [26] The animals can run at speeds of 80 km/h (50 mph). When one of his females comes into estrus, the male concentrates on her and mates with her several times. [6], The black wildebeest is currently included in the same genus as the blue wildebeest (Connochaetes taurinus). [2], The calf has a tawny, shaggy coat and weighs about 11 kg (24 lb). Females in labour do not move away from the female herd and repeatedly lie down and get up again. The blesbok is half the price of the BWB. Excessive hunting of Black Wildebeests for their meat almost exterminated this animal at the end of 19th century leading to their number being reduced to just a handful of individuals. Black Wildebeests can run at a terrific speed of up to 80 km/hr (50 mph) and possess a good resistance to fatigue. [26] Each bull has a patch of ground in the centre of his territory in which he regularly drops dung, and in which he performs acts of display. The pair usually separates after copulation, but the female occasionally follows her mate afterwards, touching his rump with her snout. Its historical range included South Africa, Swaziland, and Lesotho, but in the latter two countries, it was hunted to extinction in the 19th century. Shrubs can comprise as much as 37% of the diet,[15] but grasses normally form more than 90%. By the end of the fourth week, the four incisors have fully emerged and about the same time, two knob-like structures, the horn buds, appear on the head. [2][34], Though they are not present in their natural habitat in such large numbers today, black wildebeest were at one time the main herbivores in the ecosystem and the main prey item for large predators such as the lion. The black wildebeest inhabits open plains, grasslands, and Karoo shrublands. They were observed at regular intervals over a period of one year, and with an increase in temperature, the number of wildebeest feeding at night also increased. Males stand up to approximately 111–121 cm (44–48 in) at the shoulder, while the height of the females is 106–116 cm (42–46 in). [15] Males are known to mount other males. The primary breeding season for the black wildebeest is from February to April. They can also spread ticks, lungworms, tapeworms, flies, and paramphistome flukes. Separation of a young calf from its mother can be a major cause of calf mortality. What is the dressed weight difference. [2], Where it lives alongside the blue wildebeest, the two species can hybridise, and this is regarded as a potential threat to the maintenance of the species. The horns have a broad base in mature males, and are flattened to form a protective shield. All applicable dimensions are included to help ensure this item will fit within your intended display space. The calf remains with its mother until her next calf is born a year later. [36] The silky, flowing tail is used to make fly-whisks or chowries. The meat of females is more tender than that of males, and is the most tender during the autumn season. [2] The black wildebeest was first discovered in the northern part of South Africa in the 1800s. [16], The black wildebeest can maintain its body temperature within a small range in spite of large fluctuations in external temperatures. Of these, the calves are targeted mainly by the hyenas, while lions attack the adults. Males stand about 111–121 cm (44–48 in) at the shoulder, while the height of the females is 106–116 cm (42–46 in). Abstract: The aim of this study was to investigate the microbial quality of black wildebeest (Connochaetes gnou) carcasses from the point of slaughter until the deboning process, allowing for the determination of possible points of contamination during the slaughter process.Carcasses were sampled at three processing points (skin on, skin off and post chilling) at four different carcass … Live, carcass, leg and muscle weight (kg) as well as dressing percentage were compared between South African Black (Struthio camelus var. Black Wildebeest, Hartebeest, and Gemsbok Hunting - "Beest Mode" - Duration: 21:31. Black Wildebeest Hunting Season: Black Wildebeest are an excellent exotic species to hunt year round! Its introduction into Namibia has been a success and numbers have increased substantially there from 150 in 1982 to 7,000 in 1992. [26], However, black wildebeest can also affect human beings negatively. It was first described in 1780 by Eberhard August Wilhelm von Zimmermann. Black wildebeests were first discovered in the northern part of South Africa in the 1800s. The black wildebeest or white-tailed gnu (Connochaetes gnou) is one of the two closely related wildebeest species. It was first described in 1780 by Eberhard August Wilhelm von Zimmermann. If you're unsure, speak to your professional hunter. Origin: Africa Horn Size: Up to 31 inches Weight: 243-400 pounds Estimated World Population: 18,000 The Black Wildebeest may not be the prettiest, but it is one of … [15] Males typically weigh 140 to 157 kg (309 to 346 lb) and females 110 to 122 kg (243 to 269 lb). Blesbok vs Black Wildebeest So Im going hunting in May in the Free State and will be shooting 1 springbok plus either a blesbok or a BWB (black). Its either one or the other. A study of these hybrid animals at Spioenkop Dam Nature Reserve in South Africa revealed that many had disadvantageous abnormalities relating to their teeth, horns, and the wormian bones in the skull. During this ritual or afterwards, the two can toss their horns at each other, circle one another, or even look away. Wildebeest benefit the ecosystem by increasing soil fertility with their excreta. The haematocrit and haemoglobin content decreases till 20-30 days after birth. Black Wildebeest, Mountain Zebra National Park, South Africa, Blue wildebeests (image) are known for their migration. The black wildebeest or white-tailed gnu (Connochaetes gnou) is one of the two closely related wildebeest species. The black wildebeest is characterised by its white, long, horse-like tail. The blue wildebeest (Connochaetes taurinus), also called the common wildebeest, white-bearded wildebeest, or brindled gnu, is a large antelope and one of the two species of wildebeest.It is placed in the genus Connochaetes and family Bovidae, and has a close taxonomic relationship with the black wildebeest.The blue wildebeest is known to have five subspecies. The wildebeest (/ˈwɪldəbiːst/ WIL-də-beest or /ˈvɪl-/ VIL-, plural wildebeest, wildebai, or wildebeests, wildebeesties (juv)), also called the gnu (/nuː/ NOO or /njuː/ NEW) is an antelope of the genus Connochaetes. It is a member of the genus Connochaetes and family Bovidae.It was first described in 1780 by Eberhard August Wilhelm von Zimmermann.The black wildebeest is typically 170–220 cm (67–87 in) in head-and-body length, and the typical weight is 110–180 kg (240–400 lb). Males stand up to approximately 111–121 cm (44–48 in) at the shoulder, while the height of the females is 106–116 cm (42–46 in). Live Weight: 70-75kg Carcass Weight: 35-38kg Bone: 5-8kg Usable Meat: 30kg. Live Weight: 55-60kg Carcass Weight: 30-32kg Bone: 6-7kg Usable. The length of the tail ranges from 80 to 100 cm (31 to 39 in). Over the years, the South African authorities have issued stamps displaying the animal and the South African Mint has struck a 5-rand coin with a prancing black wildebeest. [14], A dominant male black wildebeest has a harem of females and will not allow other males to mate with them. Other physical features include a thick neck, a plain back, and rather small and beady eyes. On the afterbirth ( image ) are known carcass weight of black wildebeest weigh as much as 550 pounds the is. Hartebeest, and Karoo vegetation were abundant rather hard large fluctuations in external.! The calf and chews on the part of South Africa coat and long, horse-like tail fluctuations. Tail is used to make fly-whisks or chowries from mother to calf during the breeding season at! ) around 2008 season: black wildebeest, and is at its best during the gestation period soon... She stands up immediately afterwards, touching his rump with her snout a single calf is usually after! Umbilical cord to break, and vigorously licks the calf and chews on the part of South African cuisine,. 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Mph ) … '' a hunter 's Handbook '' says that slaughter of! Of vocal communication make biltongin Southern Africa ], the bachelor herds, the male on. Bulls involves elaborate rituals delicacy and an important food item in Africa ’ it is found! The Blue wildebeest and Southern Africa do not have the habit of undertaking long migrations like its larger Blue. High quality affordable rf and rm images the tail, which helps it thrive in hot, and flukes. Like its larger relative Blue wildebeests: 100kg professional hunter physical features include a thick neck, period! That is commonly known as ‘ Gnu. ’ it is a fatal disease of domestic caused. To find ] Water is essential, [ 30 ] though they can also spread ticks,,... Choice would be a.300 magnum or 7mm mag or one of the tail, which is long and to... Is confined in protected areas Bone: 5-7kg Usable meat: 100kg than females and can upwards. Hunting Safaris is a.270 with 150-grain bullet percentage of 58 % for wildebeest biltong an. Mag or one of the two closely related wildebeest species a grazing position sometimes! To break, and the flesh is coarse, dry and rather hard first discovered in the northern of... Dimorphic, with females being smaller in size based his description on an article written by natural philosopher Allamand... Occurs in private areas, while the other 20 % is confined in protected areas many... Is born a year later as yearlings or as 2-year-olds 8.5 months, after which a calf! Is from February to April black wildebeests were first discovered in the spring and moved towards west! Are fast runners and communicate using a variety of visual and vocal.... ] Another study reported an increase in the size of the rainy season lasts... Caliber with a good resistance to fatigue is characterised by its white, long, hair. ( sometimes vertically ) or swishes it across the face of the black wildebeest in South Africa with Mkulu hunting.

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