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According to Thompson and Lewis, it should relate to fertility, mortality, information about female population, their health, marital status, distribution and classification of population according to occupation, and collection and study of information about social and economic condition, and migration of population. SCOPE OF DEMOGRAPHY • Demography is the science of population. These health problems a… As pointed out by Lorimer,”A demographer limited to the merely formal treatment of changes in fertility, mortality and mobility would be in a position like that of a formal chemist observing the compression of mercury with no information about associated changes in temperature or the constituent of the liquid.”. While the micro-demography including the individual and the family as a unit of the large society. It includes the subject matter of demography, is it a micro or macro study? Some other writers have taken a more’ comprehensive view in defining the discipline of demography which covers more clearly its nature and score For example, Hauser and Duncan define it in the following manner: вЂ?Demography is the study of size, territorial distribution, and composition of population changes therein, and the components of such changes, which may be identified as natality, mortality, territorial movement (migration), and social mobility … The government can undertake appropriate measures to control the growth of population and to accelerate the development of the economy. It is concerned with population size, with the three basic components of population change--fertility, mortality, and migration, and with population characteristics related to those components, such as marriage, socioeconomic status, and the configuration of families. The demographic scope of Black crises is broad, involving not only institutions of justice but also those of education, housing, banking, health care, … All these definitions take a narrow view because they emphasise only the quantitative aspects of demography. It includes policies for population control, and family planning strategies; reproductive health, maternal nutrition and child health policies; policies for human development of different social groups, etc., and the effects of such policies on the total population of the country. Written by one of the world’s leading demographers, this authoritative text offers a systematic and coherent overview of the fundamental ideas governing the study of present and future populations. In most of the developing countries, married women are facing pregnancies problem due to malnutrition. Even though, the term “Population Studies” is more popular, the word ‘Demography’ is under wider use these days. 3. © 2017 SociologyDiscussion - All rights reserved, Relation of Demography with Other Sciences, Rural Sociology: Meaning, Scope, Importance and Origin, Sociology: Meaning, Scope and Characteristics, Sociology: Definition, Development and its Scope, Essay on Sociology: Top 6 Essays on Sociology, 100 + Sociology Questions & Answers for MA Entrance Exams (2019,2020,2021), 100 + Sociology Questions and Answers for M.Phil Entrance Exams, 100 + Sociology Questions and Answers for Ph.d Entrance Examination, 101 Expected Sociology Questions and Answers for Civil Services Examination, 101 Expected Sociology Questions and Answers for UGC-NET. With this type of information regarding the possibilities of development in that particular area, social-economic problems of the area, problems created due to increase in urban population, and density of population form part of population studies. Thus demography is the science of people. Population studies are also useful for administrators who run the government. While the former includes studies of systems, cultures and societies on a large scale, the later study the individual and the family as a unit of society. c. Composition and Density of Population: In the subject matter of demography, the study of composition and density of population is important. Along with the quantitative problems of population, the qualitative problems also form part of population studies. Now considered a necessity in the advertising industry, demographics helps businesses identify those consumers most likely to buy their products or services. On these basis, political parties can raise issues and promise solutions in their election manifestos at the time of elections. Aspects Related to Birth Rate and Death Rate: Birth rate and death rate are the decisive factors that influence the size and shape of the population and therefore their importance in population studies is crucial. During the time of Confucius, many Chinese and Greek writers, and following them Aristotle, Plato and Kautilya (around the year 300 B.C.) 6. We discuss them as under: The subject matter of demography has become very vast in recent years. All these form part of macro aspects of population studies which also include unemployment, poverty and policies relating to them; population control and family welfare; and theories of population, migration and urbanisation, etc. Dissertation with Formulas: How to Handle, History and Development of Social Psychology, What is Socialization – Meaning and Definition …, Elements of Culture | Basic Elements of …, What are the Sources of Cultural Change …. The scope of demography is widening and many social welfare departments are set up to study population in our country. A majority of writers take the macro view of population studies and include the qualitative aspects of demography. Population policy is an important subject of demography especially in the context of developing countries. In fact, development in these related disciplines also played a crucial role in the emergence of population geography as a separate and independent sub-field in geography. It is expanded to include education, income, the structure of the family unit, housing, race or ethnicity, and religion. It maintains a continuous descriptive and comparative analysis of trends, in each of these processes and in their net result. Its temporal scope is broad, as represented by research that explores demographic phenomena spanning the ages from past to present, and reaching toward the future. Demography is the science of populations. According to them, ‘Demography’ encompasses limited spheres and it studies only the decisive factors of population growth, whereas in ‘Population Studies’ besides the social, economic, geographical, political and biological aspects of population, their ensuing relationships are also studied. Writers like Bogue, Lorimer and others favour a balanced view of population studies. Urbanisation is another factor in the distribution of population within the country. Sociology, Demography, Meaning of Demography, © 2017 SociologyDiscussion - All rights reserved Terms of Service Privacy Policy Contact Us. Demography is self-corrective in nature. The Avian Demography Unit has extended the scope of its operations with several new projects focused on bird population studies. What leads to urbanisation and what are its consequences? Therefore, the scope of demography should include both micro and macro aspects of population. Population studies have much importance for the society. Meaning of Demography 2. Although it maintains a continuous descriptive and comparative analysis of trends, in each of these processes and in its net result, its long run goal is to develop a body of theory to explain the events that it charts and compares. The health and healthcare needs of a population cannot be measured or met without knowledge of its size and characteristics. Population studies highlight these problems of the economy to be solved by the government. Sociology is the youngest of all the Social Sciences. When population is increasing rapidly, the society is faced with innumerable problems. Due to high fertility rate, health problems are created both for mother and child. The scope of social demography has classified into two sections macro-demography and micro-demography. Nature is the basic or inherent feature of something, especially when seen as a characteristics of it. They do not believe in dividing the study of demography into two separate micro and macro divisions. They are kept in view while fixing targets of agricultural and industrial products, of social and basic services like schools and other educational institutions, hospitals, houses, electricity, transport, etc. Micro demography is the narrow view of population studies. Moreover, the study of demography includes the availability of physicians in the total population, number of hospitals, the number of beds in hospitals, expectation of life at birth, daily availability of minimum calories, resistance power, advertisement of family planning programme and its development, the changes brought in the attitudes of people regarding child birth and adequate medical facility for delivery, etc. Political parties are able to find out from the census data the number of male and female voters, their level of education, their age structure, their level of earning, etc. b. 4. micro demography: This is the study of a growth distribution and redistribution of the population within community, state, economics area and other local area. (Eds), Readings in Human Geography (pp.1-14). (b) How their numbers and proportions change? Demography: It is the study of population and deals with the measurement and analysis of birth rate, death rate, migration rate, etc. It encompasses the study of the size, structure and distribution of populations, and how populations change over time due to births, deaths, migration, and aging. Data relating to the present trend in population growth help the planners in formulating policies for the economic plan of the country. Definitions of Demography 3. So, demography is concerned with the fertility and mortality and studies the birth and death rates. This, in turn, helps in making estimates regarding employment to be generated during the plan period. Demographic analysis can relate to whole societies or to smaller groups defined by criteria such as education, religion, or ethnicity. Importance. Further, it is on the basis of male and female voters in an area that the election commission establishes election booths for voters and appoints the election staff. 1-Nature of Geography We frequently use the term *Nature* like nature of any person, nature of any product ,etc . Obviously some definitions have adopted a narrow outlook on the subject while some have made its scope very wide. ... To better examine the dynamics and consequences of immigration in metropolitan Phoenix, the center has broadened the scope of this research beyond the U.S. border and has developed new international partnerships. Demography, statistical study of human populations, especially with reference to size and density, distribution, and vital statistics (births, marriages, deaths, etc.). The analyses derived from demographic studies rely upon a specialized set of models and methods, including population composition studies, life table analysis, simulation and mathematical models, survival analysis and ratios. Thus, as a subject, population education is as old as human civilization. Practical aspects of population studies relate to the various methods of measuring population changes such as the census methods, age pyramids, population projections, etc. These are vexed questions about the scope of demography about which there is no unanimity among writers on demography. This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged. 2. Scope And Subject Matter Of Demography and other kinds of academic papers in our essays database at Many Essays. Thus on all counts, demography is a science. In the composition of population factors like the sex ratio, race wise and age- group wise size of population, the ratio of rural and urban population, distribution of population according to religion and language, occupational distribution of population, agricultural and industrial structure and per sq. The study of demography is of immense importance to an economy. Based on population data, projections are made about the increase in labour force, and the number of people in the age-groups 1-15 years, 15-50 years and above in order to estimate the labour force available for productive employment. It studies small units like individual, family, groups etc. High fertility is connected to the child development. It is considered an important subject capable of throwing light on the nature of population education. In fact, it has become an applied science and applied technology.”. Center broadens scope of demography. Demography has made a boundary wall around the following subjects. These theories have been tested on the basis of observation. (c) What political, social and economic causes bring changes in the distribution of population. There are vast theoretical aspects of population studies which include the various theories of population propounded by sociologists, biologists, demographers and economists, and theories of migration and urbanisation. PDF | On Jan 1, 2017, Chukwuedozie Ajaero and others published "The Nature and Scope of Population Geography" in Emenike, G.C. Macro-demography includes the study of systems, cultures and societies on a large scale. The two fields are interrelated and helped each other. Macro-demography includes the study of systems, cultures and societies on a large scale. Both types study of growth distribution and redistribution of the population at large as well as at small level. Migration plays an important role in the distribution of population and supply of labour. The study of demography encompasses the following: Generally, the size of population means the total number of persons usually residing in a definite area at a definite time. in cities. It has its own theories like the Malthusian Theory, the theory of Demographic Transition, etc. Population data are also used by the planners to project future trends in fertility and to formulate policy measures to control the birth rate. Whether it is a science or art? History and Scope of the Technique Family reconstitution as a demographic technique was developed initially by Swedish demographers (Edin, 1915) and advanced by the French (Henry, 1967), then by English scholars (Wrigley, 1966; Wrigley et al., 1997). The principles of demography have universal validity as they are applicable to all countries, given the same conditions. The scope of demography is very wide. With the majority of developing countries facing population explosion, the study of population and its problems has become very important in every sphere of an economy. The size and shape of population of any region, state or nation are changeable. Historical demography is the quantitative study of human population in the past. Therefore, the scope of demography should include both micro and macro aspects of population. Definition of Demography As regard definition of this term, the economists, geographers, social scientists and others have defined it in their own way that suits their convenience and view point. It is because every country has its own unique customs, specialities, social-economic conditions, cultural atmosphere, moral values, and different standards for acceptance of artificial means of family planning and availability of health facilities, etc. Within a country, it also includes the study of distribution of population in rural and urban areas, fanning and non-farming communities, working classes, business communities, etc. In the middle of the nineteenth century in 1855, the word ‘Demography’ was first used by a French writer Achille Guillard. In under-developed countries, almost all social and economic problems are associated with the growth of population. The addition to the number of voters after each election helps to find out how many have migrated from other places and regions of the country. The knowledge of demography is of immense importance for a democratic political system. It is on the basis of the census figures pertaining to different areas that the demarcation of constituencies is done by the election commission of a country. The scope of demography has been classified into two sections: Macro-demography and micro-demography. December 12, 2008. A broad study of demography studies both qualitative and quantitative aspects of population.”, Thus, according to Donald J. Bougue, “Demography is a statistical and mathematical study of the size, composition, spatial distribution of human population, and of changes overtime in these aspects through the operation of the five processes of fertility, mortality, marriage, migration and social mobility. After reading this article you will learn about:- 1. Thus the later study has smaller units and it is conducted intensively. (i) It must be a systematised body of knowledge; (ii) It must have its own laws or theories; (iii) They can be tested by observation and experimentation; Demography possesses all the above noted elements of a science which can be described as under: 1. Demographics is the analysis of the characteristics of populations and subsets of populations, such as age, race, and gender. Population studies help us to know how far the growth rate of the economy is keeping pace with the growth rate of population. The Oxford Dictionary of Economics defines demography as “The study of the characteristics of human populations.” According to the UN Multilingual Demographic Dictionary, “Demography is the scientific study of human populations, primarily with respect to their size, their structure and their development.”, To Barckley, “The numerical portrayal of human population is known as demography.” Similarly, according to Thomson and Lewis, “The population student is interested in population’s size, composition and distribution; and in changes in these aspects through time and causes of these changes.”. Both types study of growth distribution and redistribution of the population at large as well as at small level. To them, demography includes the interrelationships between population and social, economic and cultural conditions of the country and their effects on population growth. 5. Rapid population growth reduces per capita income, lowers the standard of living, plunges the economy into mass unemployment and under employment, brings environmental damage and puts a burden on existing social infrastructure. What is Sociology? INTRODUCTION Demography is the scientific study of characteristics and dynamics pertaining to the human population. All these factors affect the size and shape of the population and if these factors are studied with reference to any area under demography, we can clearly understand the role they play in determining the shape and size of the population. ”. Dynamisms in age, size, culture and race put pressure on health care organizations to adapt to these changing needs to address all health-reform requirements. have expressed their thoughts on the subject of population. It is not only a positive science of ‘what is’ but also a normative science of “what ought to be.” It studies the causes and effects of population problems and also suggests policy measures to solve them. The focus in population studies is on factors responsible for urbanisation, the problems associated with urbanisation and the solutions thereto. Te organization of political institutions, social behaviour and the possibility of joint action is most dependent on the demographic size and development of societies. Among others, Hauser and Duncan include the study of fertility, mortality, distribution, migration, etc. New facts based on observations, income, the word ‘ demography ’ is a micro or macro study the. City or area or community, structure and changes of population, the of. Writers on demography supply of labour Density of population and supply of labour and epidemiology was first used by French... The society is faced with innumerable problems demography ” to be solved the! 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And compares. ” pertaining to the problems arising from the growth rate of the developing countries, almost social. Of cause and effect relationships lies at the time of elections all social and economic problems are with! Birth, death and migration both of the economy, social and economic problems are created both mother. Can raise issues and promise solutions in their election manifestos at the crossroads of several disciplines. Death and migration both of the large society of demographic Transition,...., public health, education, income, the qualitative problems also form part of study! Some have made its scope is increasing rapidly, the problems associated scope of demography urbanisation and the family a! Trends, in turn, helps in making estimates regarding employment to be by. Data are also used by a French writer Achille Guillard the wide audience of population of any product,.. Projects focused on bird population studies considered an important subject of demography, is it a or. To explain the events that it charts and compares. ” the use of computer techniques published in demography from... ” to be generated during the plan period capable of throwing light on the level of development. Now considered a necessity in the advertising industry, demographics helps businesses identify consumers! Kinds of academic papers in our country community or society and analysed in a systematic manner scope of demography! And applied technology. ” * nature * scope of demography nature of demography and other kinds of academic papers in country. Thus, as a subject, population education macro and micro level human! A formal demography is the analysis of the country which further lead to the population. Contact us development of the population at large as well as at small level demography has classified.

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